Posted On December 4, 2013 at 10:20 am in erp meaning
PMC as an abbreviation Product Material Control , meaning the production and material control .
Usually it is divided into two parts:
PC: production control or production control ( Taiwan, Japanese companies commonly known as birth canal ) . The main function is to schedule production planning and production control .
MC: Material Control ( commonly known as the material control ) , the main functions of the material planning , purchase , material scheduling, control materials ( normal and out of bad material control and material control) .
Capacity analysis focused on which aspects ?
Analysis of production capacity mainly for the following aspects:
1 , what models do well in this type of manufacturing process.
2 , process equipment used ( equipment load capacity ) .
3 , the product of the total standard time , standard time for each process (human load capacity ) .
4 , material lead time to prepare .
5 production lines and warehouse spaces required size ( venue load capacity ) .
Production schedule should pay attention to what principles ?
Production planning and scheduling arrangements should note the following principles:
1 , delivery has principles: Delivery shorter , more urgent delivery time , more time should be scheduled at the earliest production .
2 , customer classification principles: customer focused customers , the general customers of the points, the more focus on customers, their schedules should be more attention. If the company ‘s sales by ABC method according to the customer classification , A class of customers should receive the highest priority treatment , Class B second. Class C more times.
3 , capacity balance principle : each production line should be smooth , semi- finished production line and the production rate should be the same production line , machine load should be considered , not produce production bottlenecks , stop the line appears to be material events.
4 , the process principle : the more processes products , manufacturing the longer should be the focus of attention .
PMC administration has done worse , what is likely to cause the phenomenon ?
PMC ‘s ability to plan , control and communication skills to do bad, is likely to cause the following symptoms :
1 , frequent downtime to be expected : because the production plan or unplanned material , causing the material progress often can not keep up , resulting in frequent downtime to be expected .
2 , Dayton to full production on meal hunger : because of frequent downtime to be expected , until the one material delivery naturally shorter, less production time, only overtime to catch the goods , the results are sometimes starved , sometimes Cheng Si .
3 , material or material control scheme allowed the bad , the semi-finished products or raw materials can not link this to not come, should come a lot , resulting in a large accumulation of materials and semi-finished products warehouse , production naturally smooth.
4 , the production schedule only from a formal role in production planning and actual production of touch , the plan is set , the production is set , the production plan does not work , a mere formality .
5 , on the sales forecasts are not allowed or not allowed for productivity analysis , you can not make reasonable arrangements for the production , no empty too aggressive , mobility is not strong production plans , production plans change frequently, more than one emergency orders , execution of production plans became bubble.
6 , planning, coordination of production and material progress is not strong , the impact of delivery, reducing the company ‘s reputation .
7 , the production often disorder, followed by quality control , resulting in frequent rework, rework and often affect the execution of the production plan , resulting in a vicious cycle.
PMC MLA ( simple statement )
PMC should be timely tracking and monitoring the implementation of the plan , the main order execution , execution of material in place , production instruction , online materials / semi-finished quality tracking four areas , PMC work key is communication, coordination should be how to carry out for four , which side every aspect needed resources / technical support, how to mobilize , how the process of moving to effectively monitor all relevant parties can make simple guidelines to complete the task when needed to get needed.
PMC All command source is the sales department, sales department based on sales orders, or market forecasts , issued instructions to the production of products PMC ( by sales order or by other means )
PMc work ‘s bridge , he connected a relevant functional departments of the company , which broke sector projects will be a problem .
Posted On 10:10 am in erp meaning
From the late 1990s , in order to establish a competitive advantage , foreign enterprises pay more attention to the time to market , product quality, level of service and reduce operating costs , and to adapt to the globalization of markets requirements, organizational structure and investment structures also tend to distributed and flat . Entrepreneurs realize that companies need not only rational planning and the use of their own resources , the need to closely integrate all aspects of the business environment , such as customers, suppliers , distributors and agents network , local manufacturing plants and inventory management resources together to form the supply chain , and accurately reflect the dynamic and timely information of all parties , monitor operating costs and capital flows , and improving the flexibility and response to the financial market efficiency . Correspondingly , on the one hand companies began restructuring of the organizational structure and management model , called Business Process Reengineering (BPR); hand emphasis on promoting the use of advanced information technology , on the basis of MRP Ⅱ , the implementation of ERP systems, in order to more effectively support the new supply chain and strategic decisions. We can say that the concept of integrated supply chain and financial management is the traditional MRP Ⅱ ERP transformation and transcendence two core , as shown below.
This trend is a challenge to the financial management system is reflected in : Quick feedback on the global market information ; reduce operating costs and shorten all kinds of products to enter the market during the week to find a balance ; improve internal departments and external organizations, other financial management level ; provide a richer strategic financial information ; stronger financial analysis and decision support capabilities.
Traditional accounting information systems, including MRP Ⅱ in accounting and finance modules , the main feature is used to reflect the accounting data collection and afterwards , functional management control and decision support in terms of relatively weak. In addition, the information processing system of the structure are generally automated manual accounting functions , systems -oriented tasks and functions , which satisfy the requirements of accounting is sufficient , but integrated in the business processes and other systems to monitor and of the need to be improved.
Posted On 10:00 am in erp meaning
With the increase in MPPII failure of the project , making a large investment companies did not produce the desired effect , it is necessary to carefully analyze the reasons for the failure . ERP project failure is mainly due to :
Software issues :
For a software problem, few companies will generally admit it , but the software problem did exist. Software problems following major points:
① program quality problems
② program management logic inherent reasonableness
③ function is adequate
④ meets the needs of enterprise development for the use of new technologies
For example , there is a relatively uncommon K companies use , but easier L MRP written in language learning software, the program is not even a transaction . Such a procedure , but appeared a client down and misuse, bound to non- database data consistency , and power-down and misuse is what often happens in the enterprise. As a result, such a program is simply not essentially a completely commercialized software. Enterprises to purchase such software, the end result is certainly conceivable and predictable.
ERP is a business management philosophy , with strict management logic. Software function module should be valid throughout the various processes of business operations . The main problem of foreign software manifested in this regard although some business processes in line with management logic , but not suited to the actual stage of Chinese enterprises , as companies operating in Western countries is much higher than China ‘s business operations specifications.
For example, C ‘s domestic ERP software , financial management module, due to lack of programming on the principle that in some very ordinary circumstances , the normal receivables, payables can not handle , it took a normal receivables, payables in the software according to other accounts payable to deal with. This software-centric case , is clearly contrary to business logic and management principles in the country ‘s so-called veteran software company manifested .
Software problems Fundamentally , the problem is the commercialization of the software . Some companies quick success and irresponsible , not only directly harm the interests of manufacturers , but also directly to the entire ERP market image and caused a lot of damage.
Implementation issues :
Whether it is domestic companies or foreign companies , the implementation is a big problem. The main problem lies in the implementation of the implementation of executives. Management implementers basic knowledge and theoretical knowledge deficiencies , especially the lack of enterprise business management background and the ability to solve practical problems is the fundamental question of its existence . The difference in the ability to implement their own quality of personnel with the actual demand is the main cause of repeated defeat of the ERP project .
For a long time , foreign companies due to the need language to communicate , to emphasize the recruitment of foreign language skills levels, while reducing the required implementation skills in an attempt to make up for deficiencies through training on the implementation capacity , proved it did not achieve the desired vision. Some domestic companies as soon as possible in order to launch ERP software , but also to ensure that arise during the implementation of the software program issues receive timely treatment , domestic companies in personnel selection is the emphasis on computer programming skills of the staff . Excessive use of these two officers , so that the software implementation of quality personnel deviate from the basic quality of ERP project should enable ERP project implementation process becomes more and more like computer engineering . Implementers own limitations , so that he can not go to grasp the overall direction and processes ERP projects from a management perspective , in order to cross , he can only do it in terms of what they do best , after all ERP computer closely with it. Such engage in law , ERP in China ‘s future is certainly worry .
What is erp,Enterprises must understand that only customer is the ultimate master of the ERP market, if companies can not reap the benefits from ERP project , the market will sooner or later die. Well , then , if ERP applications , ERP can bring huge benefits to the enterprise. However, the same should be noted that companies in the ERP implementation and application also bear a great responsibility.
Any business can be more ERP projects, but also can get enormous benefits from the ERP . However, any one enterprise ERP implementation process will not be the same. Since the foundation of every business and management is not the same situation , implementation and management of ERP standardization work in this process , management infrastructure , business restructuring , and this will be different, effort and time will be different, the enterprise and implementers do this hard work and effort paid different . Generally speaking , inversely proportional to the size of the current state of the workload and implementation cycles with business
Business management issues :
Companies must abandon this idea : companies in the ERP project implementation process , in a subordinate position , you only need to do with the work on it. Such ideas and practices are wrong. Enterprises must be active and leading role in the process of ERP implementation project, and to play a decisive leadership role . Software vendors to implement personnel stationed only a staff and guidance from real leadership , organization, scheduling, directing role of the enterprise . We put a considerable part of the business of the enterprise ERP project is mainly to computer technicians to organize and implement , this approach is essentially a management project to transform into a computer program . Imagine if companies want to be a reform of the organization and business processes , companies will give this project a computer technician to operate it? The correct approach should be to establish the direct leadership of the business leaders , corporate leaders to work assistant principal in charge of scheduling and operations specific to computer technicians , including project -based working group of major corporate business units to be responsible for the implementation and operation of the project . Leaders must adhere to the principle , in order to ensure the smooth running of the project.
ERP project management is a very complex project , not through hard work and dedication, and wanted to get the results of the harvest is impossible. As the saying goes , a hard, a harvest.
Posted On December 3, 2013 at 10:20 am in erp meaning
Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) and product data management (PDM) is two to help enterprises to improve production efficiency engineering software, but how to properly deploy them , but not every business can understand. To properly use these two types of software , to understand their similarities and differences is the key.
PDM systems appeared in the 1980s , its function is to manage and maintain the CAD software to design the “electronic drawing .” The starting point of the ERP system is completely different in the product design goals identified , ERP system emphasizes the important tasks are automated processing so that these tasks are closely related to the materials management, human resources management and equipment manufacturing when the actual product . ” Bill of materials (BOM)” and ” product structure (Product Structure)” is the most critical input PDM and ERP systems , even on the most basic level, the starting point of the two technologies are different : PDM product structure to the system out of the product , ” according to the design point of view (As Designed)” view , or what specific products , as well as how to use the associated engineering data to describe ; while BOMs ERP system is ” by manufacturing point (As Built)” view , it will be seen as parts and assembled a collection of the same , or a description of how the product produced in the workshop and how they are assembled .
The difference between the two types of systems is also reflected in the underlying technology they used . ERP systems with other systems in the structure of the organization is based and interconnected with them ; while the PDM system is built on top of the organization ‘s infrastructure environment , the organizational infrastructure to support rapidly changing engineering computing environment. From the application point of view, the difference between PDM and ERP mainly in the following areas:
1 . Product definition data capture
The primary and most important function of PDM system is to capture and share any form of product definition data . The role of the function throughout the entire enterprise , and from the early stages of the product life cycle design began to play a role , and this key capability in the ERP system , it can not be fully demonstrated .
2 . Effective data capture project
PDM systems usually provide application programming interface (API) development kit in order to build application interfaces for a variety of design, manufacturing , analysis software. This unique tool allows system integrators to connect engineers can customize almost all PDM functionality to meet specific data on specific software design tools for the implementation and management requirements. On the contrary, it is difficult for the existing ERP systems of the user .
3 . Access to shared data
Once the engineering data registered to a PDM system, how can we be in without it affecting their safety data sharing ? PDM system with excellent architecture to take advantage of ” electronic data warehouse ” to protect and store project data . Electronic data warehouse may ” warehouse location ” is constituted by one or more , are distributed throughout the heterogeneous network computing environment. Project data is stored in the ” vault ” in the PDM system based on the use of rules that can be authorized users. ERP systems and data sharing capabilities are limited product definition .
4 . Product structure and product definition data
In many companies, the product structure planning is the preparation of engineering design department from the beginning of the list of components . Engineering parts list manually entered into the ERP system, and a plan created by the view (As Planned) bill of materials (BOM) for the starting point. Created by the program to determine the view BOMs is achieved by modifying the project parts list , and together with other planning information balanced with the existing relations of production needs equipment, materials and labor resources can be used directly in between .
Modern PDM system has been able to achieve the product structure and function, it can not only replace the traditional engineering parts list , but also provides an easy to use graphical interface , allowing users to easily locate and use of product definition data . More advanced PDM systems using object-oriented data management tools , so that we can define the product data and product structure components , sub-assembly , assembly linked. Users can use the navigation tools, along graphical product structure tree to determine the location of interest to members , and expand the description of the components of the product definition data on this basis .
5.PDM controlled change management
ERP systems from the perspective of product change management plan view , once the details of the changes through the design process , and the impact of changes in the manufacturing process has also been clear that the manufacturing planning process to determine the arrangement will be re-run on demand , inventory in the ERP system , resource availability , and other aspects of the need for replacement parts changes.
However , PDM system in terms of change control and approval process is starting from a completely different angle. PDM change control function can handle the entire process of tracking changes : When you change from the proposed throughout all affected departments until the changes are implemented in a production workshop . PDM workflow to ensure that the appropriate personnel to perform necessary tasks and is responsible for notifying all affected departments . When the engineers received a mandate to change the design of a deal , he will find the affected product structure and design of object data through relationships navigation database. Another advantage of using PDM to change the concept of treatment is to retain version control change history information . If a product is modified, the structure of the components of the product modifications made history will be saved in the PDM system . He can use the database to find the relationship between the navigation function has been executed modify instruction and data objects.
6. Configuration Management
In the field of product structure and product configuration management , ERP systems and PDM systems overlap between functions was particularly prominent . All companies will use multiple views of product structure, which is the concept of product configuration management. Typically , most companies will have at least three types of view: according to the design view (As Designed), according to the production plan view (AsPlanned) and according to the manufacturer ‘s view (As Built). Product structure view can be seen as the result of the same product in a different way of looking at the components . Because ERP systems for production planning , it is based on the production plan view product configuration management ; while PDM systems are considered when considering a number of design, configuration management requirements from early product planning stage begins. From conceptual design to manufacture various stages of view by management , PDM products are constantly upgrading the product structure view contains product configuration utilization efficiency . In the design of the entire life cycle of the product , although the product mix may be reconfigured by a wide range of views, but the product remains connected component objects define their relationship with those data . This is the view of the main advantages of PDM processing configuration management.
Posted On 10:10 am in erp meaning
The project is responsible for communication with the former colleagues learned that he exists very much misunderstanding of the role of the implementation of the document that have been implemented , the more things there are many things to deal with customer complaints , there is no time to write the document . With this idea , they begin to ignore the document , how to ignore it? Considered too tired to write the document , would not be able to say mouth handwriting, would never be able to simply write a detailed write. When you need to report it , well, I tell you to listen , move your mouth is certainly much simpler. In fact , the implementation of the document is a tool , the old saying goes , ” quicken power .”
( 1 ) increase the visibility of the project implementation process. Standards , complete documentation will be detailed records of events that occur during project implementation , to facilitate the implementation of the project implementation staff to grasp the progress of the implementation of quality and deploy a variety of resources. At the same time , the document will help to implement a clear understanding of people and corporate officers of their respective responsibilities , information exchange, joint grasp the rhythm of the implementation process .
( 2 ) improve the efficiency of the implementation of the project. Project members with a certain time to prepare , organize software documentation , you can make the implementation of the various stages of the work staff have carried out careful thinking and rationalization , to identify the problems , which reduce errors and improve the quality of project implementation . Through examination of the document appears in the project documentation errors and inconsistencies early detection , to be promptly corrected, can reduce the depth of the project which led to major problems and to correct mistakes and to pay a much higher cost .
( 3 ) to facilitate the exchange and cooperation projects between members. Description clear , complete documentation to facilitate enterprises to understand the process of implementation of the indicators , as between enterprises and implementation consultants set up a bridge. Documentation is a silent language , it records the project implementation process related software configuration , operation, maintenance , and training and other information , help managers, implementers , co- operation and exchanges between users .
( 4 ) Operating Guide documentation can help end users standardize operations , and strengthen the effectiveness of training . The operator understanding of ERP systems more from the use of documentation , these documents can improve operator correctly and quickly operating software.
( 5 ) in favor of the project implementation monitoring role . ERP implementation is a high risk project , the need for rigorous project monitoring . Periodic inspection , evaluation and documentation of the results is one of the important methods , detailed and standardized implementation of the outcome document project progress monitoring is not only beneficial , but also conducive to project acceptance.
Posted On 10:00 am in erp meaning
When I took over a former colleague in charge of the implementation of ” thin two-page ” implementation document, I looked at him incredible asked, ” did not it? Only these ? ” Embarrassing my colleague nodded , and then he say sentence makes me vomit blood , then ” implementation plan and record documents in my heart remember it clearly in mind .” this is totally a misunderstanding of the implementation of the document, but also a common problem in many ERP implementation consultants.
Project document is used to record , describe , demonstrate the implementation process of a series of process information , in the form of written or illustrated process or result of project activities described , definitions, requirements and reporting . For example, a phased implementation plan documents, standard business process documentation , standard coding and data files , standard parameter settings for the document , and functional operation guide document. These documents will be accompanied by the gradual implementation of the various stages of ERP enrich , improve , and also recorded the entire implementation process and outcome .
As implementation of the consultants , the implementation process should be implemented in a document submitted to the enterprises of various standards to ensure the quality of ERP implementation project . In other words , implementation consultants and enterprises work closely with the documents submitted , it describes every detail of the project implementation process . Thus , to some extent , in fact, the core project management document management .
( 1 ) Project documentation will help improve project management level . From the contents of that project documents the results of the document can be divided into two categories and process documentation . The outcome document as an integral part of the project deliverables things , the importance of natural self-evident. The main process documentation records various information of project management processes , and provide decision-making basis for the implementation of the staff to ensure the smooth realization of the project ; the other hand, the process of documentation is also the most valuable assets of the implementation process , through the process of the document to summarize and analyze can be successes and failures of the implementation of the project gains , so that the subsequent operation of the project is more targeted.
( 2) The project documentation is embodied in the form of project results . Initial results of the project is reflected in the form of documents , which people familiar with the phrase ” in the operation of the project is to some extent driven by the document ” is justified. From the point of view of the document , the implementation of the ERP project is a document production and implementation process. In the process of ERP project implementation, planning in advance for each task , during the implementation of the recording , post hoc analysis of the results should form the corresponding documents, including documents related to the project and its use of resources . Thus , the document is part of the ERP implementation project , there is no formal documentation of the project implementation , it is not standardized ERP implementation . Document preparation and management in ERP implementation occupies a prominent position and a considerable amount of work , the preparation of high-quality , change , modify, manage and maintain documentation for improving quality and customer satisfaction, implementation of the project has important practical significance.
Posted On December 2, 2013 at 10:20 am in erp meaning
The first generation of ERP was born in 1965. For decades , ERP after long-term production practice , absorbing advanced manufacturing management thinking in many countries ( such as Japan’s ” kanban ” , etc. ) , the continuous development of the extension , formed a production and management , project management as the main line , supplemented CAD / CAM, modern management methods Internet, GUI and EDI capabilities. The main function of ERP system modules are for enterprise resource management and design. In the ERP system, generally includes the following modules :
BOM (Bill of material) bill of materials ;
PP (Production Planning) production plan outline ;
MPS (Master Production Scheduling) Master Production Schedule ;
RCCP (Rough Cut Capacity Planning) of crude capacity requirements planning ;
MRP (Materiel Requirements Planning) material requirements planning ;
CRP (Capacity Requirements Planning) capacity requirements planning ;
PAC (Production Activity Control) plant operations management ;
IM (Inventory Management) inventory management ;
FI (Financial Accounting) Financial Accounting (GL GL , AR receivable , AP payable ) ;
COE (Customer order Entry) customer order entry ;
HR (Human Resources) human resource planning ;
SD (Sales and Distribution) Distribution Management .
There are some features in the ERP system : such as consistency and viability of the scheme , harmonization and sharing of data, and flexible decision-making contingency highly predictive simulation , logistics, capital flow, information flow uniform and so on. These features indicate that , ERP is a complete business management system of production , the manufacturing sector as a whole is to achieve efficiency , enhance overall competitiveness and effective management. Many experienced when it comes to ERP implementation consulting experience that successful implementation of the ERP system , one-third rely on technology , seven by talent, twelve by the data . His words , though somewhat exaggerated , but the computer only in the data is accurate , complete and timely case, can play a role , or only a wrong result. It can be said product database is based ERP system operation , the breadth and depth of ERP implementation depends on its coverage and data content. Therefore, the establishment and maintenance of the product database preparation work is extremely important.
Under normal circumstances , the various management data will be divided into three categories – static data , intermediate data and dynamic data . Static data including BOM , work center capacity and cost parameters , process route, fixed working hours , warehouses and cargo -bit code set of accounts , etc. ; dynamic data refers to data production activities occur , and continue to occur , often changes If the customer contracts, inventory records , completion reports ; intermediate data is integrated static data and dynamic data , through various statements of the consolidated operation formed in the ERP system running during the preparation and operation of these data must be periodically or at any time to maintain, maintain the accuracy of the data. In this paper, the static data in the BOM (Bill of Material, BOM) role , combined with CAD (Computer Aided Design, Computer Aided Design ), CAPP (Computer Aided Process Planning, Computer-aided process planning ), PDM (Products Data Management, Product Data a detailed description of the management ) systems.
Bill of materials (BOM), also known as the product or product tree structure table ; in some industrial sectors , may be called the “recipe “, ” elements of the table ,” or other names. In the ERP system, the material has a broad meaning of the term , it is all products , semi-finished products , collectively called production-related materials in products , raw materials, spare parts , collaborative parts, consumables and so on . BOM material effect on the computer to recognize and accept customer orders , preparation of plans , supporting the ( assembly ) and picking , process tracking, procurement and outsourcing , costing , pricing reference material traceability , improve product design and so on . The system can employ a variety of methods described in the bill of materials , such as single-layer method, indentation method, modular approach , pause , matrices and costing more.
1, CAD (Computer Aided Design) in the BOM
BOM ‘s design department is both a designer , but also a BOM users. Single parts such as drawing number, material name ( material types such as 45 steel ) , weight, volume , design modifications audit numbers, all kinds of information , such as date of entry into force of the material ; component or components include outsourced parts, purchased parts , GM parts, standard parts, borrowed parts, each single part number of assembly parts drawing number and other information; Master Plan ( the parts , components, parts and other assembled ) also includes packaging, with parts list , technical documentation , product manuals, warranty information , etc. , which are an integral part of BOM information. In the design department (CAD) , usually referred BOM parts list actually is a technical document , emphasis on product information summary.
Certain types of product design department by drawing numbers to organize BOM information . Design department after receiving the order in accordance with the requirements of the order , under normal circumstances , there are three design ideas – in the form of top-down design , form design from the bottom up , from the middle to the two forms of design . No matter what kind of design approach , the organization chart numbers are the same, are in accordance with drawing number to merge product information, forming a total breakdown of the product, a summary table of standard parts , purchased parts summary table , the Association of summary tables, etc. , when needed but also to generate product drawings catalog ( not running ERP systems to meet customers or outside the factory ) . Sometimes one and the same because they belong to different parts of the product , and will have a different figure number , and therefore may not be considered the only enterprise -encoded material . It should be noted that, after the formation of the bill of materials , each material has a unique code , ie material number . Do the parts list (CAD known as BOM table ) to be confused with ERP in the BOM information . Details of the design department of the part information table into ERP system BOM information necessary to design departments work together technology and production departments , as well as PDM ( Product Data Management ) product relationship management features designed to address the detailed list of parts and BOM similarities and differences between the information table , especially inconsistencies figure number and code number (PDM product structure through its rule base modules , variables, and functions to complete parts list ) .
On the use of terms , whenever the product mix changes, customer changes or technical documents related to quality issues or parts of a re- design improvements , to ensure the accuracy of the BOM , must be designed to change notification basis. Under the guidance of the design change notification document , design department to obtain structural information about all parts of the information through their mutual BOM information table. Only get this information before it can be to define, describe , or modify , so that production can continue normal operation (particularly changes to the customer’s emergency notification ) . According to the design change notification number , the PDM support, you can easily retrieve change information , guiding production , shipping and after-sales service and other production activities.
In the actual operation of the production process , design changes is an important factor leading to inaccurate data , so be sure to have a well- designed change notification management approach for the design change notification . Due to involve sales, purchasing, production , engineering, finance and other departments , it is generally managed directly by the company ‘s vice president of design change notifications. This process is subject to confirmation notice design changes , analysis, approval, documentation and supervision of five steps.
Part of the data design department (CAD) generated PDM processing after transfer to the ERP system .
2, CAPP (Computer Aided process Planning) of the BOM
After completion of the product design department , the part of the technology sector to develop electronic data transmission to the process route (CAPP), become parts machining or assembly process description file . It is not a technical document, but plan to guide the production of documents or files . CAPP process generally consists of cards, card manufacturing processes , heat treatment malleable card , test card , working hours and other summary information tooling material composition ; card processing operations in one step ( processing steps ) , fixed working hours ( occupied by work center load time ) , processing equipment, testing equipment, tooling , fixtures , materials and other components.
In the preparation process planning , in addition to every nuance involved in the design , they have to involve the main work center BOM materials , materials and supplies , materials processing fixtures , tooling materials and auxiliary materials. These static data maintenance is to ensure the accuracy of the production premise as planned . Equipment main work center maintenance, spare parts management , maintenance records , materials procurement and inventory changes, processing fixtures, tooling equipment , accessories and other changes to be reflected in the process of preparing the plan in real time to go . In the process of compiling the plan process , to be able at any time ( object-oriented ) to browse BOM information, enter BOM information, alarm BOM information ( process planning officers found a false alarm ) , real-time information, etc. to reflect the updated BOM .
In the absence of an ERP system to support the case for technology staffing would be demanding : it requires not only familiar with the current status of the process and processing equipment parts , but also know the technical parameters , inventory, processing fixtures, tooling equipment, etc. situation . Under normal circumstances , companies need to develop a similar 20 -year period . Now , technology support staff in the ERP system, the typical process can easily query the database by the BOM structure design , access to design information , check the machine equipment and other technical parameters , but also can be easily prepared CAPP, to ensure the integrity of the process documentation , consistency , correctness and implementation feasibility .
Technology Sector (CAPP) data generated after processing and transmission PDM to the ERP system .
3, PDM (Products Data Management) in the BOM
PDM is actually connected to CAD / CAPP and ERP core modules , which manage product-related “information (ERP)” and “process (CAD / CAPP)” technology plays from the ” process (CAD / CAPP)” technology to ” information (ERP)” transformed “information (ERP)” to ” process (CAD / CAPP)” an important intermediate process technology transfer , forming a seamless bi-directional data transfer , to avoid generating a large number of overlapping data.
Due to the different departments have different forms of BOM information, companies often have to spend a lot of manpower and time to complete these reports , but also continue to maintain the consistency of BOM , MRP calculation to avoid serious errors . Manual entry using the original Sichuan Electric Co. , entry statistics from the CAD department BOM information , a skilled entry staff entered a product BOM data needed about a week , not including time entry errors caused rework and cause a bad influence ; now through PDM, ERP systems for the automatic transmission BOM data , only a few minutes.
In the product life cycle , PDM data warehouse ( all systems can share a database ) as the underlying support to the bill of materials (BOM) for the organization’s core , all the engineering data and documents linked to the definition of the final product , and product data organization and management , such as product formulation management, document management , workflow management, design change management, permissions ( role ) management, version management, project management, maintenance records and log management.
PDM systems depending on their features and solve engineering problems , divided into three categories , namely : the documents, data management focused ; in the design process and product structure management based CAD- oriented ; oriented hardware and software differences constitutive system integration platform. The second category which most closely with BOM information , after conversion to achieve the required ERP BOM information . Today, the most popular PDM systems can be integrated with SAP R / 3, Baan also has its own PDM product , effectively promote communication and exchanges in various sectors ERP system production, design, procurement and sales.
4, ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) of the BOM
ERP definition, in addition to the previously described systems and related BOM , the production sector, product costing department , material requirements planning (MRP) systems, sales departments have a great relationship , production departments to determine the method of manufacturing BOM components or final products , decided to collect a list of materials ; product costing BOM for each department use homemade or purchased parts pieces to determine the current cost of the final product cost and the maintenance cost of the product , in favor of the company’s business pricing and cost analysis ; material Requirements Planning (MRP) system is one of the main input information BOM MRP , which uses master production scheduling decisions BOM items dynamically determine materials Net demand to know what made pieces and purchased parts needed , much needed , when needed , the standard material differences between the actual materials analysis ; sales through the Internet to access the data source , you can easily offer, designed to provide accurate information and tracking parts manufacturing processes , such as self-service , customers can place an order to buy spare parts for its own products .
By BOM information, you can also easily assess the performance of each department , you can easily extract information for statistical and analysis ; If you have a new BOM data requirements , you can use the original data to construct a new BOM BOM data , simplifying approximation BOM data the preparation work ; If BOM information in-depth study , but also to study other product BOM data error checking through different product BOM data , in order to avoid or consider modifying computer input error caused the error rate to a minimum.
BOM is the basis of any management system , which has a relationship with almost all the functions of the enterprise sector , if there is no BOM, can not produce the same product , directly affects the processing performance and the results of the system. For this reason , in order to improve the efficiency of the production management system , BOM is important to associate the correct or not . Although the data has been very accurate, but do not overlook the importance of people , for the specific changes , the use of the contents of the manual in the system BOM information to add, delete and modify other editing work, you can successfully complete the task.
In short , through the establishment of enterprises ‘ information (ERP) ” management and” process (CAD / CAPP) ” two main techniques to BOM for the information link to the PDM as the core , combined with CAD / CAPP and ERP systems , combined with the Internet and EDI system, you can really achieve the goal of enterprise information construction.
Posted On 10:15 am in erp meaning
What is the MRP?What is the MRP Ⅱ? The MRP ( understand what MRP) to expand the extent of information sharing , so that the production , sales, finance, procurement, engineering work closely together, sharing relevant data , consisting of a comprehensive , integrated production management optimization mode , it is the manufacturing resource planning ( Manufa cturing Re-sources Planning), in order to avoid confusion noun , material requirements planning called narrow MRP, and manufacturing resource planning MRP called generalized or MRP Ⅱ. It is a recognized industry standard management system, which is closed by the MRP plus financial and other functions composed .
MRP Ⅱ system is a more sophisticated and advanced management ideas and methods developed on the basis of MRP systems . Click thinking on a variety of computer software are prepared MRP Ⅱ . MRP Ⅱ system overcomes the shortcomings of MRP systems , plans to increase production capacity in the software , production control, purchasing and materials management plan three functions . Production capacity planning function is the output of material requirements planning as its input , according to the demand and production planning components basic information processes, work centers and other information to calculate the amount of equipment and manpower load demand , a variety of equipment, in order to determine whether there is sufficient production capacity, such as the lack of ability to find , for device load regulation and human complement ; If it is not the ability to balance, you can adjust the production plan. Production activity control function based on the adjusted MRP output as input , the use of computer simulation technology , in accordance with the principles of job priority executed automatically order the preparation of a variety of operating equipment or work center and job completion date . Procurement and materials management functions are based on the policy plan prepared material requirements planning and inventory management materials , please purchase plan , establish procurement and inventory management , vendor files and supplier account management , account management inventory accounting , cost, accounts receivable , accounts payable , general ledger management.
MRP Ⅱ system has some analog functions , simulate future material requirements and warned any material shortage of material ; simulated production capacity needs , insufficient capacity warnings . These warnings provide managers with the necessary information, and for a time , so that managers can prepare and arrange in a timely manner . MRP Ⅱ distinguished experts RDGarwood once said: “As long as there is enough time and money to produce any product manufacturing .” This is because the MRP Ⅱ effective simulation tool that can provide the necessary information in a timely manner for the industrial enterprises .
Posted On 10:05 am in erp meaning
Material Requirements Planning (Material Requirement Planning referred MRP) is a successful international contemporary business management theory and methods. The basic idea is that through the use of modern scientific management methods and tools ─ ─ computer , standardize enterprise management , according to changes in market demand , various manufacturing resources of the enterprise and the entire production and business processes , the implementation of effective organization , coordination, control , to ensure that normal business on the basis of production to minimize inventory levels, shorten the production cycle , reduce the funds used to reduce production costs and improve the input-output ratio , so as to improve economic efficiency and market competitiveness .
In closed MRP basis, if we build a productive activity to MRP -centric information processing system , you can use the feature to create MRP procurement plan ; production planning and sales department will work closely with the production plan to develop a production schedule , and to continue to refine ; design department design products are no longer in isolation , but rather improved design production activities associated with the above information ; product structure is no longer just only reference value but has become an important aspect of control of the production plan. If all the above activities are integrated with financial systems, inventory records , work centers and bill of materials used for costing, purchasing and supplier situation resulting from the MRP , the establishment of accounts payable , customer contracts and sales generated accounts receivable should be billing and accounts payable and general ledger and relevant , but also produce a variety of reports based on the general ledger
Posted On 10:00 am in erp meaning
Efforts to set up a project team and coordinate team members and other departments
Convened and chaired the meeting
Manage project status report to the Commission and to guide
Obtain senior management policy decisions
Clear resource requirements
Proposed project schedule and the project does comply with the scheduled date
Coordination of user education and training programs
Representative group of face different functions
Discernment is not a member of the project scope troubled effort direction
Discern important issues and to ensure a suitable candidate to participate in issues
ERP project manager has qualities:
Group knowledgeable – while handling a lot of work
Motivator – users and managers to maintain commitment
Communicator – Sleek and arbitrary
Diplomacy by – political sensitivity and understanding of organizational behavior
Educators – to provide education and training for users
Adherent – strong-willed
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